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Trichur (Thrissur)

» Introduction
» Prime Attractions of Trichur (Thrissur)
» Tour from Thrissur (Trichur)

How to Reach Trichur

By Air
Nearest international airport is at Nedumbassery, 58 kms away.

By Rail
Nearest Railway Staion Thrichur is an important railhead of the Southern Railways.

By Road

The place is well connected with almost all the major towns and cities of India.

Latitude : 10°32' N
Longitude : 76°15' E


Climate

Temperature
Summer : Max 35°C, Min 22.5°C
Winter : Max 32.3°C, Min 20°C

Rainfall
254 cm

Trichur - Kerala Culural Capital

Thrissur (Trichur), with its rich history, cultural heritage and archaeological wealth, is rich in cultural activities. Trichur is famed and wide for its pooram festival. Trichur derives from ‘Tiru- Shiva Perur’ or the town with the name of Lord Shiva.

From ancient times, this district has played a significant role in the political history of south India. Trichur’s rise as a town of importance is attributed top Raja Rama Varma, popularly known as ‘Sakthan Thampuran’, who ascended the throne of the State of Cochin in 1790. He was the architect of the present Trichur town. Large areas of Trichur were captured by the latter half of the 18th century, Tripu Sultan held sway over Trichur until the European domination began under the Portuguese, the Dutch and the English

The most prominent feature is the Vadakkumnathan Kshetram or temple, which has Shiva as its presiding deity. Today, Thrissur is world famous for its Pooram Festival, which is one of the biggest festivals of Kerala. Built around a hillock top, Trichur (Thrissur) houses the Kerala Kala Mandalam, the Kerala Sahitya Academy and Kerala Nataka Academy.


Prime Attractions of Trichur (Thrissur)

Aarattupuzha Pooram

Ayyappa temple at Aarattupuzha is just 14 kms away from Thrissur, and celebrates its annual pooram festival during March.

The final pooram is conducted with sixty one caparisoned elephants bearing bright coloured umbrellas and parasols, presenting an unparalleled spectacle. The temple ensemble lends a majestic tenor to the extravaganza.

Kerala Kalamandalam

Vallathol Narayana Menon an outstanding poet and scholar. He was a passionate lover of Kathakali and other similar classical dance-theatre traditions of Kerala. Against all odds he took up the task of saving Kathakali and other stylized art-forms from eclipse. Kakkad Karanavappad, an eminent scholar and Manakkulam Mukundaraja, a devoted cultural activist, were an unending source of inspiration to Vallathol in the establishment of Kerala Kalamandalam along the banks of the river Bharathapuzha in Cheruthuruthy, a small village in the northern edge of Trissur District in 1930.

Kerala Kalamandalam - The Most Important Institute for the training of Kathakali, Mohiniyattam and other traditional dance forms in Kerala. Apart from receiving students and researchers from abroad Kathakali, Koodiyattam, Mohiniyattam and Thullal Troupes of Kalamandalam have been

travelling to Europe, Australia, Canada, Japan and US for participation in the International Dance and Theatre Festivals.

For over four decades Kalamandalam has been representing Kerala in all the major cultural celebrations of the world.

Significance

Kalamandalam is undoubtedly the best institution in India imparting training and conducting performance of Kathakali, Mohiniyattam, Panchavadyam and Thullal. Beside the regular courses, Kalamandalam also offers crash courses in different art disciplines.

Macchattu Vela

'Machattuvela' also known as 'Machattu Mamangam' is celebrated with great pomp, pageantry and splendour on the last day of the five-day annual festival at Machattu Thiruvanikavu Temple near Vadakkancherry, Thrissur.

Devotees bring richly decorated Kuthirakolams (motifs of horses) in ceremonial processions, as offering to the deity. The festival falls in the Malayalam month of Kumbham, corresponding with the months of February/March.

Peechi Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary

Peechi - Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary lies in the catchment areas of Peechi and Vazhani dams in Trichur District. Peechi, the headquarters of the sanctuary is 15 km by road from Trissur.

The Peechi wildlife sanctuary is a treasure trove for wild and exotic orchids and flora and different species of colorful birds apart from the large number of wild animals that can be seen in this wildlife sanctuary while you are on wildlife tours to the Peechi Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala, South India. More»»

Peechi Dam

The Dam is 20 km east of Trichur, This dam project started as an irrigation project, offers boating facilities at the reservoir. Peechi is a fascinating picnic spot. There are frequent private buses from Trichur. Built across the Manali River, the dam is a vast catchment area of nearly 3200 acres with extensive botanical gardens and cascading fountains offer numerous inviting avenues for tourists.

Thriprayar Temple

Thriprayar Temple, located south of Thrissur is one of the important temples dedicated to Lord Rama.

The exquisite wood carvings, sculptures and Mural Paintings are an interesting sight. The temple festival is held in November / December and includes a parade of 17 elephants.

During the Onam festival in the months of August / September, there is a snake boat race. There are regular buses to Thriprayar from the Shakthan Thamburan bus stand.

Fairs & Festivals : The Eleven-Day Annual Festival.

Thrissur Pooram

Thrissur Pooran, the pooram of all Poorams, falls in April every year. Thrissur is best known for its mammoth Pooram Festival, which is the most colourful and spectacular temple festival of Kerala. It attracts large masses of devotees and spectators form all parts of the State and even outside. The legends and myths behind each festival of Kerala are many, varied and equally interesting. Since the word pooram literally means a group or a meeting, it was believed that every year the dynastic gods and goddesses of neighbouring province met together for a day of celebration. This usually happened on the pooram asterism of one of the spring months.

The Pooram festival is also well-known for the magnificent display of fireworks. It is celebrated by two rival groups representing the two divisions of Thrissur Paramekkavu and Thiruvambadi vying with each other in making the display of fireworks grander and more colourful. Each group is allowed to display a maximum of fifteen elephants and all efforts are made by each party to secure the best elephants in South India and the most artistic parasols, several kind which are raised on the elephants during the display.

And then 'Kudamattam', a competition in the swift and rhythmic changing of brightly coloured and sequinned parasols is conducted. The whole event takes place in rhythm with the traditional orchestra 'Pandimelam'.

The poorma was Introduced by Sakthan Thampuran (1775- 1790), the Raja of Kochi, Pooram is an assemblage of suburban deities before the presiding deity at the Siva temple in down town Thrissur. The Pooram celebration is held at the Thekkinkadu grounds.

Celebration Trends And Rituals

Traditionally, two groups representing the main geographic divisions of Thrissur, Paramekkavu and Thiruvambadi, rival to add to the Pooram's grandeur. Both teams field face to face arrays of richly caparisoned elephants.

Vadakkumnathan Temple

Vadukkumnnatha is a prominent Shiva temple, in downtown Thrissur, Kerala. This is one of Kerala's most ancient shrines, which also houses a museum of ancient wall paintings, wood carvings and art pieces of immense historical value. Vadakkunnathan temple is believed to be built by Lord Parasurama, one of the incarnations of Lord Vishnu.

No visitor to Trichur can miss the Vadakkunnathan temple, "one of the most unique, ancient and important" of the sacred shrines of Kerala. It stands on a beautiful hillock at the center of Trichur overlooking the town. The vast maidan about 65 acres around the temple is called Tekkinkadu or forest of teak woods.

The massive stone wall enclosing an area of nearly 9 acres and forming a strong fortification and the fourlofty gopurams overtopping the central shrine and indicating the four directions-North, South, East and West -and above all the dozens of peepal trees scattered on the vast grounds of' the temple gives Vadakkunnathan temple a unique and magnificent appearance.

Aquarium

Aquarium is very close to the Nehru Park.

Timing : 03.00 - 08.00 pm

Archaeological Museum

Located on the Town Hall Road. The majestic building houses a gallery of murals from all over Kerala and preserves a rare treasure of Veerakallu, temple models, olagrandhangal (manuscripts on dry palm leaves), megaliths etc. Several relics and heirlooms of archaeological importance are kept here.

Timing : 10 am - 5 pm except Mondays and national holidays.

Art Museum & Zoo

The State Museum and Zoo are both enclosed within the same green, flower filled area of 13.5 acres which hosts a verity of endangered species and a famous snake park.The Art Museum housed in a separate building is a treat for the connoisseur of art. It has beautiful and rare exhibit including sculpture, religious idols,kathakali figures, traditional jewellery of Kerala and votive objects with a really delightful collection of traditional lamps.

For the animal enthusiasts, Thrissur boasts a zoo, 2kms from the town centre. Within the 13.5 acres of the compound live a variety of fauna like the lion tailed macaque, sloth bear, species of birds and deer. The snake park has a reptilian collection of King Cobras, Kraits, Vipers and Rat Snakes.

Timing : 10.00 am - 05.00 pm on all days except Mondays.

Christian Divine Retreat Centres

The Centres are located at Muringoor and Potta near Chalakudi, on the Kochi - Thrissur route.

Potta-Divine Retreat Ministry is part of the renewal Movement of the Vincentian Congregation in India, based on the spiritual traditions bequeathed by St. Vincent de Paul.

In 1977, Potta Ashram was established as the centre to direct and to coordinate Popular Mission Retreats. Full time preachers began to stay over here to pray and prepare together. Large crowds of people began to crowd the Ashram – the sick, the broken-hearted, and those seeking spiritual solace from all vices including alcohol and drug addictions. God’s compassionate love poured out in abundance and healed many as the Good News of Salvation was preached to all.

The facilities at Potta Ashram became inadequate for the huge numbers of people converging for the week-long residential retreats held in Malayalam. A sprawling locale was acquired at Muringoor, on the banks of Chalakudy River, six kilometres away from Potta - it was named Divine Retreat Centre. The mighty works of God spread far and wide all over the world and the pilgrims poured in. New vistas opened up and retreats started in six other languages – English, Konkani, Kannada, Telugu, Tamil and Hindi.

Today, Divine Retreat Centre is the largest retreat centre in the world. Since 1990, over 10 million pilgrims from all over the world have attended retreats here. Weekly retreats in 7 languages are held back-to-back non-stop every week of the year.

Saint Thomas Memorial, Kodungalloorm

St. Thomas, the apostle, is believed to have landed in Kodungalloor (formerly called Muziris) in 52 AD. The St. Thomas Church established by him houses ancient relics.

Shakthan Thampuran Palace

Also known as Palace Thoppu, the campus covers an area of 6 acres. The palace located in the heart of Thrissur town is a major attraction, especially for those with a special interest on rulers and dynasties. At the Shakthan Thampuran Palace, one can come across and understand several interesting and remarkable aspects of the erstwhile rulers of Kochi.

Shakthan (AD 1790-1805) as the golden era of Kochi. At a very young age itself, Shakthan Thampuran demonstrated extraordinary intelligence and bravery. During his reign, he maintained cordial relations with European powers including the English and also with rulers of neighbouring regions like Mysore and Travancore. Shakthan Thampuran was a farsighted ruler, whose outstanding administrative skills and diplomacy resulted in admirable achievements in key sectors.

The museum houses including galleries like the Bronze gallery, where one can find bronze statues belonging to the period between the 12th and the 18th centuries, a Sculpture gallery displaying granite statues from the 9th century to the 17th century, and the Epigraphy gallery showcasing the genesis and evolution of ancient writings. Also include galleries like Household Utensils made of bronze and copper, used by the rulers of Kochi; the Numismatics gallery, which systematically displays ancient coins, which were in circulation in the erstwhile province of Kochi and neighbouring regions; and the History gallery depicting some of the milestones of the Kochi dynasty; and a Megalithic gallery exhibiting remains of the great stone age.

Town Hall

Houses the picture gallery where mural paintings from all parts of Kerala are on display.

Vilangankunnu

The Children's Park on this beautiful hillside picnic This tourist attraction features a children’s park, which contains many amusement rides. It remains open from 07:00 am uptil 07:00 pm.


Tour from Thrissur (Trichur)

Guruvayoor Temple

Guruvayoor Temple is around 29 kms away from Trichur. Guruvayoor, where the famous Sree Krishna Temple is situated, is one of the most important pilgrimage centers of South India. Guruvayur is also called the Bhoolokavaikunta - the heaven on Earth!

The walls of the sanctum sanctorum are inlaid with exquisite mural paintings and carvings. In Kerala, this is probably the only temple that hosts the maximum number of marriages and rice feeding ceremonies (the ritual first meal for infants).

It was also the hub of the 'Guruvayoor Sathyagraha' , a historic movement demanding temple entry rights for the 'so called' lower castes. The historic temple is shrouded in mystery. According to local belief, the temple was created by 'Guru', the 'preceptor of the gods' and 'Vayu', the 'god of winds'. The eastern 'nada' is the main entrance to the shrine.

The square 'Sreekovil' is the sacred sanctum sanctorum of the temple, housing the main deity. Within the temple, there are also the images of Ganapathy, Sree Ayyappa and Edathedathy Kavil Bhagavathy. Only Hindus are allowed inside the temple.

In front of the temple there is a huge tower of light, it has thirteen discs including basement and is 24 feet in height. There are four Deepasthambams made of brass, inside the temple. One at northern wing was smashed by the Gajarajan Kesavan . The eastern tower, Kizhakke Gopuram (eastern tower) is 33 feet and Patinjhare Gopuram (western tower) is 27 feet in height.

Punnathoorkotta, which is at a distance of 2 kms from Guruvayoor is home of 50 temple elephants, offers unusual spectacles of the gentle pachyderm.

Athirapilly And Vazhachal Waterfalls

Athirapally is 63 km and Vazhachal 68 km from Thrissur. East of Chalakudy, near the entrance of the Sholayar forest ranges are thebeautiful waterfalls of Athirapally and Vazhachal, 5 kms apart. Athirappally is located 78 kms from Kochi, located at the entrance to Sholayar ranges, this waterfall is a popular picnic spot.

The charm of the Athirampally and Vazhachal nature cannot be described by words, Starting calmly from the high ranges, and crashing through gorges overhung with trees, these waterfall is one of the best places in India to re-capture a real sense of the classical idea of the "Picturesque"...not just calm and sweet, but something wild and natural.

Affording to the onlookers, one of the most bewitching sights, Athirappally Falls is about 80ft. high and located in the forest area.

Combined with the greenery, it infuses freshness into any tired soul. The Athirapally Falls join the Chalakkudy River after plummeting a drop of 80 feet. Vazhachal is a picturesque spot just a short drive from Athirapally and is adjacent to dense green forestland. Vazhachal is part of the Chalakkudy River.

Both the waterfalls, their cool, misty waters cascading down in the backdrop of thick green forest and rocky terrain, are a scintillating experience to visitors.

Koodalmanikyam Temple

Koodalmanikyam Temple is about 21 kms from Trichur. The ancient and historic Koodalmanickam Temple in Manavalassery is about nine kilometres from Irinjalakuda Railway Station. Temple is provided with an ancient drainage system which allows no water logging however heavy be the downpour during monsoon.

Koodalmanikyam Temple is the only temple in India dedicated to Bharatha, who, according to mythology, was the brother of Lord Rama.

The temple is surrounded by four vast ponds . the one inside the temple occupying the entire northern quarter of the ten acre compound is believed to be sanctified by Kulpini Maharshi who had held a great yaga here. The pond is known as "Kulpini Theertham". The "Koothambalm" (art theatre) is an architectural wonder used for staging Koothu and Koodiyattam two nadappuras on the eastern and western sides of the temple is intended to contain 21 elephants in an array during the annual festival.

Festival is held for all days in Medom (April-May) from Utram to Thiruvonam asterisms, the flag hoisting being on the Utram day. Procession accompanied by caparisoned elephants is the special features of the festival.

Ariyannoor Temple, Kandanisserry

This temple has a carved entrance gable, which has been compared to the sculptures of American artist, Louise Nevelson. The Sree Krishna Temple at Thirukulashekharapuram as well as the Siva Temple at Thiruvanchikulam are believed to belong to the 9th century.

Cheruthuruthy

Cheruthuruthy is 32Kms away from Trichur, is the seat of the Kerala Kalamandalam, renowned the world over for its Kathakali Training Centre. This music and dance academy was founded by the famous poet, Vallathol Narayana Menon. Training in Kathakali, Mohiniyattom, Thullal and other traditional art forms is imparted here. Cultural programmes are also arranged.

Punnathoorkotta

Punnathoorkotta is around 1 Kms away from Trichur. This home of 50 temple elephants offers unusual spectacles of the gentle pachyderm. Brought as ritual offerings to the temple, these elephants are groomed at this fort. Visitors are allowed into this elephant hostel.





 
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